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Re: RESEARCH REQUEST - Brazil & Colombia sign a hot pursuit treaty of 50 km

Released on 2012-08-02 04:00 GMT

Email-ID 1218086
Date 2009-03-12 16:44:43
Hey Karen - Below and attached is what I was able to pull together on
Brazil's military presence in the Amazon region. Let me know if there is
more you need.

Brazil Military - Amazon Region

Brazilian Military

Army = Amazonian Command (Manaus, Amazonas) - 8th Military Region

Navy = HQ IX Manaus, Amazonas

Army = 120,000 + 70,000 conscripts = 190,000 total

Jungle Infantry =

o 5 bridgades
o 15 battalions

State police for Amazon and border patrol under army control.

Navy = 67,000

Military Command of the 9th Naval District

Command of the fleet of Amazonas

ComFlotAM = 5 patrol boats

Amazonas Command - AM

Command of the Military Command of the Amazon - Manaus Cmdo CMA

Command of Border - Rio Negro and 5th Infantry Battalion of the Jungle -
Sao Gabriel da Cachoeira Cmdo R Fron Black / 5 A

Command of Border - Solimoes and 8th Infantry Battalion of the Jungle -
Tabatinga Cmdo Fron Solimoes / 8 A

Command of the 2nd Infantry Brigade of the Jungle - Sao Gabriel da
Cachoeira Cmdo 2nd Bda Inf Sl

Command of the 2nd Grouping of Engineering - Manaus Cmdo 2 gpt E

Command of the 12th Military Region - Manaus Cmdo 12th RM

Command of the 16th Infantry Brigade of the Jungle - Tefe Cmdo 16th Bda
Inf Sl

Regional Commission for Works of the 12th Military Region - Manaus CRO/12

Company Command Military Command of the Amazon - Manaus Cia Cmdo CMA

Company Command of the 2nd Infantry Brigade of the Jungle - Sao Gabriel da
Cachoeira Cia Cmdo 2nd Bda Inf Sl

Company of the 2nd Command Grouping of Engineering - Manaus Cmdo Cia 2 gpt

Company Command of the 12th Military Region - Manaus Cmdo Cia 12th RM

Company Command 16th Infantry Brigade of the Jungle - Tefe

Cia Cmdo 16th Bda Inf Sl

1st Company of Statement of Jungle - Manaus 1st Cia With Sl
1st Precinct of the 29th Military Service CSM - Parintins 1st Del SM/29 of
1st Infantry Battalion of the Jungle - Manaus 1 A

2nd Precinct of the 29th Military Service CSM - Itacoatiara 2nd Del SM/29
of CSM

3rd Special Forces Company - Manaus 3rd Cia Esp F
3rd Precinct of the 29th Military Service CSM - Manaus 3rd Del SM/29 of

4th Precinct of the 29th Military Service CSM - Tefe 4th Del SM/29 of CSM

4th Division of Survey - Manaus 4th DL
4th Battalion of the Army Aviation - Manaus 4 B Av Ex
4 Center for Telematics Area - Manaus 4 CTA
5th Precinct of the 29th Military Service CSM - Tabatinga 5th Del SM/29 of

6th Precinct of the Military Service of the 31st CSM - Humaita 6th Del
SM/31 of CSM

7th Precinct of the 29th Military Service CSM - Barcelos 7th Del SM/29 of

12th Company of Guards - Manaus 12th Cia Gd
12th Police Company of the Army - Manaus 12th Cia PE
12th Inspectorate of Army Finance And Accounting - Manaus 12th ICF Ex
12th Battalion of Supply - Manaus 12 Sup B

16th Logistics Base - 16th Tefe Log Ba
16 Platoon of Communications of Jungle - Tefe
16 Pel With SL

17th Infantry Battalion of the Jungle - Tefe 17 BIS

21 -a Companhia de Engenharia de Construc,ao - Sao Gabriel da Cachoeira 21
-a Cia And CNST

22 Police Platoon of the Army - San Gabriel da Cachoeira 22 Pel PE

29th district of Military Service - Manaus 29th CSM

34 Police Platoon of the Army - Tefe 34 Pel PE

54 Infantry Battalion of the Jungle - Humaita 54 A

Amazon Command Logistics

1 - The Challenge of the jungle
The Amazon Jungle contains nearly a third of the planet's tropical
forests. It is a true "ocean of trees." large and dangerous. She is so
huge in fact, that the equivalent cross-cross the Atlantic Ocean between
Africa and the Americas.

The extensive and dense Amazonian forest is endowed with huge mesh basin,
poor road network, high levels of humidity, rainfall and constant risk of
tropical diseases, and it is the major obstacle to the logistics
operations, either in operations or in support for organizations Military
based in the area. There is the world no region so inhospitable and
frightening as the Tropical Jungle.

The 8th Military Region (8th RM) has a logistics area of responsibility of
more than 1,500,000 km2, which represents approximately 18% of national
territory. In real challenge to meet your Organicac,oes Military (OM)
contingent, are employed means of the Brazilian Air Force (FAB), and
organic car ferries and the 8th of Supply Depot (8 Sup D).

The adversity of the environment directly influence the performance of man
and material. The deterioration of the items of supply is a constant and
real threat that demands the taking of special measures to preserve, such
as conducting periodic purge of the food, the climate of depots and
warehouses and preventive maintenance of stocked items.

Besides these, other challenges have been defeated by the 8th RM in 1997
to provide the necessary support to the OM under their responsibility,
such as:

- Creation of the lining of Maraba Hospital, opened in October 1997;

- Production, distribution and installation of seven dental offices for

- Reequipping of doctors;

- Collection and distribution of two modules of boats tactics for the 2nd
Infantry Battalion of the Jungle (2 A - Bethlehem) and the 52 Infantry
Battalion of the Jungle (52 A - Maraba-PA);

- Installation of a ramp to facilitate loading and unloading, the vessel
floating Codajas and Logistics;

- Rationalization of the distribution of quotas of fuel to OM, offering
economy and allowing the supply of petrol and diesel to April to March

- Reducing the rate of pre-availability of vehicles, by using funds from
the Department of Transportation;

- Fosfatizac,ao of 1880 OM regional arms of Arsenal in the War of Rio de
Janeiro, with employment of aircraft for the transport of FAB;

- Making operational ration alternative, using items of food in the trade,
with great economy and good acceptance by the troop maneuvers in the
Strait of brief and the State of Amapa;

- Increased storage capacity of the cold chambers of OM further from
Bethlehem and

- The use of C-130 aircraft of the Support Plan Amazon, for carrying
supplies, and the C-95 of the agreement with the FAB, to carry the team
Regional Park Maintenance / 8 (Pq R Mnt / 8), General Hospital of Belem
(HGeBe) and Regional Commission for Works / 8 (CRO / 8), and perform any
evacuations in order to meet the entire area of responsibility of the 8th

2 - Insulation
8th in the RM, the largest population density are at the margins of the
main roads and rivers: Imperatriz (MA), Maraba, Altamira, Itaituba and
Santarem, in Para

Climatic conditions, the precariousness of the roads, particularly the
Transamazon and the great distances inland to overcome, this isolation
makes it the most difficult one for the completion of logistical support.

3 - Large distances
The road infrastructure priority, traditionally, means river, which are
considered the most viable for logistical support to troops in Macapa,
Santarem, and Itaituba Altamira, drawing up the routes of the network
hidroviaria of the Amazon Basin.

Addressing the troops in cantoned Oiapoque (AP) is a special challenge.
The activity can be done by sea, rising up after the river of the same
name or, as is currently done by the combination of the waterway to
Macapa, the road of 620 kilometers through the BR-156, which connects one
the capital city of Oiapoque, or by air.

The roads south of Para, in theory, allow any support to the troops
positioned along the highway Transamazon, ie Maraba, Altamira and
Itaituba. However, its lack of traffic during periods of rain particularly
difficult logistical support for these two cities, requiring the
employment of means of inland 8 Sup D and / or aircraft of the FAB for the
transport of supplies.

The following table summarizes the distances to be overcome and the means
employed by 8 Sup D to support the troops in charge of logistics 8th RM

VENUE OF OM Road (Km) Anv C-130 (h) Ferry (days)
Oiapoque - 1:40 5
Macapa - 1:00 2
Santarem - 1:30 5
Itaituba - 2:00 6
Altamira - 1:20 3
Maraba 668 - --
Empress 578 - --

4 - The limitations of the means of communications and transport
The communications environment in the jungle suffer effects of weather
such as torrential rain, humidity, heat and limitations offered by the
scarcity of roads, poor visibility at ground curled in some areas and the
dense vegetation.

However, the 8th MRI was able to test with success, some communications
equipment during the "Operation Brief" and "Operation Amapa", held at the
end of 1997.

We used the following equipment: TW 7000; generating solar power, portable
generator, automatic telephone exchange, telegraph handlers, all radio
EB-11 ERC 131/TPX720 to link earth - air, maintaining contact with
military aircraft to 50 km away , and the same at 1,000 feet altitude, TW
2000 (run); KENWOOD with laptop or desktop, integrating radio-wire (IRF)
and the use of brief radio station for the transmission of messages

The question of means of transport to be used in large-scale displacement
is closely linked to the isolation of the units to be supported, the
volume of material to be transported and the speed you wish. You can say
that the mesh of the Eastern Amazon river meets the needs of access roads
to large for the implementation of logistical support. However, although
significant, the road is of poor quality, particularly in the BR-230 and
156, during the rainy months.

With this, the growing importance of maintenance of vehicles, the use of
ferries and FAB for the logistical support to always reach the end of the

5 - Support to civilian populations and indigenous
The Army, through its military organizations (OM) distributed along the
borders, major rivers and roads, providing essential support to
communities and indigenous civilians.

The 8th Military Region supports this activity, providing conditions for
the functioning of hospitals to trim jobs and health care, both in
personnel and in equipment and medicines.

With the participation of the Region, the OM able to support various
operations performing the type Civic Action Committee (ACIS) and joint
campaigns with the Prefecture of the various towns in visits in the
specialized field of medical health, dental and laboratory, with the
objective to raise community spirit between the army and the local

These activities are quite common, particularly in more isolated and
Military Organizations, Santarem, Itaituba, north of Altamira and

Amazon Naval Command - 9th District

Organizations subordinate to the Military Command of the 9th Naval

o Command of the fleet of Amazonas
o Capitania the Amazon River West
o Battalion Operations Ribeirinha
o Capitania River to Tabatinga
o Naval Station Rio Negro
o Deposit Naval Manaus
o 3rd Squadron of Helicopters General Employment

OM subordinated to ComFlotAM

o P-30 Patrol Boat River Roraima
o P-31 Patrol Boat River Rondonia
o P-32 Patrol Boat River Amapa
o P-20 Patrol Boat River Teixeira
o P-21 Patrol Boat River Raposo Tavares
o U-16 Hospital Doctor Ship Assistance Montenegro
o U-18 Ship Assistance Hospital Oswaldo Cruz
o U-19 Ship Assistance Hospital Carlos Chagas

OM subordinated to CFAOC
River station of Porto Velho
Agency of River Tefe
Agency of River Eirunepe
Agency of Boca do Acre River
Agency of River Guajara Mirim
Agency of Itacoatiara River
Agency of Parintins River

Karen Hooper wrote:

1) What are the most prominent (or any), non-Afghanistan/Pakistan hot
pursuit agreements between countries around the world?
2) Need a status update on Brazilian forces deployed to the Amazon
regions: Where are they? How many are there?

Priority 1

Please let me know who takes this.

It might be best to split the two questions up.

Karen Hooper
Latin America Analyst

Kristen Cooper
512.744.4093 - office
512.619.9414 - cell

Attached Files

105950105950_Brazil Military - Amazon Region Command.doc48KiB