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Re: RESEARCH REQUEST - Brazil & Colombia sign a hot pursuit treaty of 50 km

Released on 2012-08-02 04:00 GMT

Email-ID 1230660
Date 2009-03-12 16:59:41
Hey - This is kinda old. Haven't updated since I was an intern doing FARC
but just in case it is useful - Here is a map approximating the locations
of the FARC blocs and a breakdown of the Eastern bloc fronts - no. of
combatants, etc. - that border Brazil.

FARC - Eastern Bloc
Commanders: Jorge Briceno Suarez aka "Mono Jojoy"
"Granobles" aka German Briceno Suarez
"Romana" aka Henry Castellanos Garzon
Front Department Commander No. of Recent Notes
Combantants Activity
Commander believed to
"Cesar" aka "Doris be holding
Gerardo Adriana" political
1st Front Guaviare Antonio 400 aka Luz hostages
Aguilar Dary Conde including
arrested Betancourt
in 2008
7th Front Meta aka Carlos 200
Julio Vargas
"El Marrano"
10th Front Arauca aka Carlos 200
Julio Avila
"El Negro "El Negro considered to
Acacio" aka Acacio" be the main
16th Front Vichada Tomas Molina 300 killed in drug
Caracas 2007 trafficking
"Hugo" aka "Hugo"
22nd Front Cundinamarca Wilmer 120 captured
Antonio in 2003
Marin Cano
"Hugo "Hugo
Sandoval Sandoval
26th Front Meta Ruiz" aka 130 Ruiz"
Angel Oveido killed in
Yara 2007
"Jorge 40" Medico" or in charge of
27th Front Meta aka Gener 200 "El Tio" financial
Garcia captured flow
Molina March 27,
Casanare & Arevalo" aka
28th Front Boyaca Aristipo 120
has not been
31st Front Meta 120 notable
38th Front Casanare & "Efrain 100
Boyaca Mendez"
39th Frony Vichada 120
40th Front Meta 350
"Geovany Campesino"
Rodriguez" aka Jose
42nd Front Cundinamarca aka Ernesto 110 Nerup
Orjuela Reyes Pena
Tovar killed
"Jorge 40"
43rd Front Meta aka Gener 150
44th Front Meta 120
Norte de Gutierrez"
45th Front Santander & aka Luis 150
Boyaca Eduardo
"Hermides" "Hermides"
aka Jose captured
51st Front Cundinamarca Paramenides 80 in 2002,
Castro no recent
Cundinamarca "El Zarco"
52nd Front & Boyaca aka Manuel 120
"El Zarco" aka
53rd Front Cundinamarca aka Manuel 120 Bertulfo
& Meta Sierra Garcia
in 2005
54th Front Cundinamarca 50 Believed to
be terminated
"Nelson Responsible
Robles" aka for the
55th Front Cundinamarca Julio 70 majority of
Enrique FARC activity
Rincon Rico in Bogota
"Reuben" aka
56th Front Casanare & 80 aka Jorge
Boyaca Martinez
in 2004
Antonio "Chucho" aka Chuco seeks to
Narino Cundinamarca Marbel 50 captured operate in
Front Zamora October Bogota
29, 2008
Columns and Companies in the Eastern Bloc
Front Department Commander No. of Recent Notes
Combantants Activity
Mobile Column
Alfonso Arauca 120 - Faction of
Castellanos the 10th
Juan Jose Guaviare 250 Mobile Column
Special former DMZ 80 Mobile Column
Reinel former DMZ 80
Esteban former DMZ 80
Manuela Cundinamarca 50
Abelardo Cundinamarca 40
Joaquin Cundinamarca 140
Company Che former DMZ 120

Kristen Cooper wrote:

Hey Karen - Below and attached is what I was able to pull together on
Brazil's military presence in the Amazon region. Let me know if there is
more you need.

Brazil Military - Amazon Region

Brazilian Military

Army = Amazonian Command (Manaus, Amazonas) - 8th Military Region

Navy = HQ IX Manaus, Amazonas

Army = 120,000 + 70,000 conscripts = 190,000 total

Jungle Infantry =

o 5 bridgades
o 15 battalions

State police for Amazon and border patrol under army control.

Navy = 67,000

Military Command of the 9th Naval District

Command of the fleet of Amazonas

ComFlotAM = 5 patrol boats

Amazonas Command - AM

Command of the Military Command of the Amazon - Manaus Cmdo CMA

Command of Border - Rio Negro and 5th Infantry Battalion of the Jungle -
Sao Gabriel da Cachoeira Cmdo R Fron Black / 5 A

Command of Border - Solimoes and 8th Infantry Battalion of the Jungle -
Tabatinga Cmdo Fron Solimoes / 8 A

Command of the 2nd Infantry Brigade of the Jungle - Sao Gabriel da
Cachoeira Cmdo 2nd Bda Inf Sl

Command of the 2nd Grouping of Engineering - Manaus Cmdo 2 gpt E

Command of the 12th Military Region - Manaus Cmdo 12th RM

Command of the 16th Infantry Brigade of the Jungle - Tefe Cmdo 16th Bda
Inf Sl

Regional Commission for Works of the 12th Military Region - Manaus

Company Command Military Command of the Amazon - Manaus Cia Cmdo CMA

Company Command of the 2nd Infantry Brigade of the Jungle - Sao Gabriel
da Cachoeira Cia Cmdo 2nd Bda Inf Sl

Company of the 2nd Command Grouping of Engineering - Manaus Cmdo Cia 2
gpt E

Company Command of the 12th Military Region - Manaus Cmdo Cia 12th RM

Company Command 16th Infantry Brigade of the Jungle - Tefe

Cia Cmdo 16th Bda Inf Sl

1st Company of Statement of Jungle - Manaus 1st Cia With Sl
1st Precinct of the 29th Military Service CSM - Parintins 1st Del SM/29
of CSM
1st Infantry Battalion of the Jungle - Manaus 1 A

2nd Precinct of the 29th Military Service CSM - Itacoatiara 2nd Del
SM/29 of CSM

3rd Special Forces Company - Manaus 3rd Cia Esp F
3rd Precinct of the 29th Military Service CSM - Manaus 3rd Del SM/29 of

4th Precinct of the 29th Military Service CSM - Tefe 4th Del SM/29 of

4th Division of Survey - Manaus 4th DL
4th Battalion of the Army Aviation - Manaus 4 B Av Ex
4 Center for Telematics Area - Manaus 4 CTA
5th Precinct of the 29th Military Service CSM - Tabatinga 5th Del SM/29
of CSM

6th Precinct of the Military Service of the 31st CSM - Humaita 6th Del
SM/31 of CSM

7th Precinct of the 29th Military Service CSM - Barcelos 7th Del SM/29
of CSM

12th Company of Guards - Manaus 12th Cia Gd
12th Police Company of the Army - Manaus 12th Cia PE
12th Inspectorate of Army Finance And Accounting - Manaus 12th ICF Ex
12th Battalion of Supply - Manaus 12 Sup B

16th Logistics Base - 16th Tefe Log Ba
16 Platoon of Communications of Jungle - Tefe
16 Pel With SL

17th Infantry Battalion of the Jungle - Tefe 17 BIS

21 -a Companhia de Engenharia de Construc,ao - Sao Gabriel da Cachoeira
21 -a Cia And CNST

22 Police Platoon of the Army - San Gabriel da Cachoeira 22 Pel PE

29th district of Military Service - Manaus 29th CSM

34 Police Platoon of the Army - Tefe 34 Pel PE

54 Infantry Battalion of the Jungle - Humaita 54 A

Amazon Command Logistics

1 - The Challenge of the jungle
The Amazon Jungle contains nearly a third of the planet's tropical
forests. It is a true "ocean of trees." large and dangerous. She is so
huge in fact, that the equivalent cross-cross the Atlantic Ocean between
Africa and the Americas.

The extensive and dense Amazonian forest is endowed with huge mesh
basin, poor road network, high levels of humidity, rainfall and constant
risk of tropical diseases, and it is the major obstacle to the logistics
operations, either in operations or in support for organizations
Military based in the area. There is the world no region so inhospitable
and frightening as the Tropical Jungle.

The 8th Military Region (8th RM) has a logistics area of responsibility
of more than 1,500,000 km2, which represents approximately 18% of
national territory. In real challenge to meet your Organicac,oes
Military (OM) contingent, are employed means of the Brazilian Air Force
(FAB), and organic car ferries and the 8th of Supply Depot (8 Sup D).

The adversity of the environment directly influence the performance of
man and material. The deterioration of the items of supply is a constant
and real threat that demands the taking of special measures to preserve,
such as conducting periodic purge of the food, the climate of depots and
warehouses and preventive maintenance of stocked items.

Besides these, other challenges have been defeated by the 8th RM in 1997
to provide the necessary support to the OM under their responsibility,
such as:

- Creation of the lining of Maraba Hospital, opened in October 1997;

- Production, distribution and installation of seven dental offices for

- Reequipping of doctors;

- Collection and distribution of two modules of boats tactics for the
2nd Infantry Battalion of the Jungle (2 A - Bethlehem) and the 52
Infantry Battalion of the Jungle (52 A - Maraba-PA);

- Installation of a ramp to facilitate loading and unloading, the vessel
floating Codajas and Logistics;

- Rationalization of the distribution of quotas of fuel to OM, offering
economy and allowing the supply of petrol and diesel to April to March

- Reducing the rate of pre-availability of vehicles, by using funds from
the Department of Transportation;

- Fosfatizac,ao of 1880 OM regional arms of Arsenal in the War of Rio de
Janeiro, with employment of aircraft for the transport of FAB;

- Making operational ration alternative, using items of food in the
trade, with great economy and good acceptance by the troop maneuvers in
the Strait of brief and the State of Amapa;

- Increased storage capacity of the cold chambers of OM further from
Bethlehem and

- The use of C-130 aircraft of the Support Plan Amazon, for carrying
supplies, and the C-95 of the agreement with the FAB, to carry the team
Regional Park Maintenance / 8 (Pq R Mnt / 8), General Hospital of Belem
(HGeBe) and Regional Commission for Works / 8 (CRO / 8), and perform any
evacuations in order to meet the entire area of responsibility of the
8th MR.

2 - Insulation
8th in the RM, the largest population density are at the margins of the
main roads and rivers: Imperatriz (MA), Maraba, Altamira, Itaituba and
Santarem, in Para

Climatic conditions, the precariousness of the roads, particularly the
Transamazon and the great distances inland to overcome, this isolation
makes it the most difficult one for the completion of logistical

3 - Large distances
The road infrastructure priority, traditionally, means river, which are
considered the most viable for logistical support to troops in Macapa,
Santarem, and Itaituba Altamira, drawing up the routes of the network
hidroviaria of the Amazon Basin.

Addressing the troops in cantoned Oiapoque (AP) is a special challenge.
The activity can be done by sea, rising up after the river of the same
name or, as is currently done by the combination of the waterway to
Macapa, the road of 620 kilometers through the BR-156, which connects
one the capital city of Oiapoque, or by air.

The roads south of Para, in theory, allow any support to the troops
positioned along the highway Transamazon, ie Maraba, Altamira and
Itaituba. However, its lack of traffic during periods of rain
particularly difficult logistical support for these two cities,
requiring the employment of means of inland 8 Sup D and / or aircraft of
the FAB for the transport of supplies.

The following table summarizes the distances to be overcome and the
means employed by 8 Sup D to support the troops in charge of logistics
8th RM

VENUE OF OM Road (Km) Anv C-130 (h) Ferry (days)
Oiapoque - 1:40 5
Macapa - 1:00 2
Santarem - 1:30 5
Itaituba - 2:00 6
Altamira - 1:20 3
Maraba 668 - --
Empress 578 - --

4 - The limitations of the means of communications and transport
The communications environment in the jungle suffer effects of weather
such as torrential rain, humidity, heat and limitations offered by the
scarcity of roads, poor visibility at ground curled in some areas and
the dense vegetation.

However, the 8th MRI was able to test with success, some communications
equipment during the "Operation Brief" and "Operation Amapa", held at
the end of 1997.

We used the following equipment: TW 7000; generating solar power,
portable generator, automatic telephone exchange, telegraph handlers,
all radio EB-11 ERC 131/TPX720 to link earth - air, maintaining contact
with military aircraft to 50 km away , and the same at 1,000 feet
altitude, TW 2000 (run); KENWOOD with laptop or desktop, integrating
radio-wire (IRF) and the use of brief radio station for the transmission
of messages pre-established.

The question of means of transport to be used in large-scale
displacement is closely linked to the isolation of the units to be
supported, the volume of material to be transported and the speed you
wish. You can say that the mesh of the Eastern Amazon river meets the
needs of access roads to large for the implementation of logistical
support. However, although significant, the road is of poor quality,
particularly in the BR-230 and 156, during the rainy months.

With this, the growing importance of maintenance of vehicles, the use of
ferries and FAB for the logistical support to always reach the end of
the line.

5 - Support to civilian populations and indigenous
The Army, through its military organizations (OM) distributed along the
borders, major rivers and roads, providing essential support to
communities and indigenous civilians.

The 8th Military Region supports this activity, providing conditions for
the functioning of hospitals to trim jobs and health care, both in
personnel and in equipment and medicines.

With the participation of the Region, the OM able to support various
operations performing the type Civic Action Committee (ACIS) and joint
campaigns with the Prefecture of the various towns in visits in the
specialized field of medical health, dental and laboratory, with the
objective to raise community spirit between the army and the local

These activities are quite common, particularly in more isolated and
Military Organizations, Santarem, Itaituba, north of Altamira and

Amazon Naval Command - 9th District

Organizations subordinate to the Military Command of the 9th Naval

o Command of the fleet of Amazonas
o Capitania the Amazon River West
o Battalion Operations Ribeirinha
o Capitania River to Tabatinga
o Naval Station Rio Negro
o Deposit Naval Manaus
o 3rd Squadron of Helicopters General Employment

OM subordinated to ComFlotAM

o P-30 Patrol Boat River Roraima
o P-31 Patrol Boat River Rondonia
o P-32 Patrol Boat River Amapa
o P-20 Patrol Boat River Teixeira
o P-21 Patrol Boat River Raposo Tavares
o U-16 Hospital Doctor Ship Assistance Montenegro
o U-18 Ship Assistance Hospital Oswaldo Cruz
o U-19 Ship Assistance Hospital Carlos Chagas

OM subordinated to CFAOC
River station of Porto Velho
Agency of River Tefe
Agency of River Eirunepe
Agency of Boca do Acre River
Agency of River Guajara Mirim
Agency of Itacoatiara River
Agency of Parintins River

Karen Hooper wrote:

1) What are the most prominent (or any), non-Afghanistan/Pakistan hot
pursuit agreements between countries around the world?
2) Need a status update on Brazilian forces deployed to the Amazon
regions: Where are they? How many are there?

Priority 1

Please let me know who takes this.

It might be best to split the two questions up.

Karen Hooper
Latin America Analyst

Kristen Cooper
512.744.4093 - office
512.619.9414 - cell

Kristen Cooper
512.744.4093 - office
512.619.9414 - cell

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