WikiLeaks logo
The Global Intelligence Files,
files released so far...

The Global Intelligence Files

The Global Intelligence Files

On Monday February 27th, 2012, WikiLeaks began publishing The Global Intelligence Files, over five million e-mails from the Texas headquartered "global intelligence" company Stratfor. The e-mails date between July 2004 and late December 2011. They reveal the inner workings of a company that fronts as an intelligence publisher, but provides confidential intelligence services to large corporations, such as Bhopal's Dow Chemical Co., Lockheed Martin, Northrop Grumman, Raytheon and government agencies, including the US Department of Homeland Security, the US Marines and the US Defence Intelligence Agency. The emails show Stratfor's web of informers, pay-off structure, payment laundering techniques and psychological methods.

INSIGHT - BRAZIL - the future of Mercosur, pre-sal, etc

Released on 2012-03-26 13:00 GMT

Email-ID 219735
Date 2011-01-19 14:24:04
Begin forwarded message:

From: Reva Bhalla
Date: January 18, 2011 6:40:36 PM CST
From a meeting in Sao Paulo with Sergio Fausto, one of the main
architects of Plano Real -- the plan that rescued Brazil from economic
calamity. Fausto heads up the Cardoso Institute in SP, highly connected
in official policy circles. We have established a good working
relationship with him and his institute.
On the future of Mercosur --
He agrees that Brazil has more or less grown out of Mercosur. He
explained how Brazil imposed the 4 + 1 voting rule when the group was
created because Brazil mainly wanted to prevent Argentina from signing
bilateral deals with the US. Now, the situation has flipped. Brazil is
in a stronger position and wants to sign bilateral deals of its own. At
the same time, Brazil is afraid of Arg signing a bilateral deal with the
Chinese and undercutting Brazilian sales in the Argentine market.
He doesn't think Mercosur will revert from a customs union to an FTA,
but he think it's more possible that a resolution could be introduced to
abolish the 4+1 rule and lower the external tariff to allow members more
flexibility in signing bilateral deals. Still, he made clear that none
of this would be moving any time soon. Again, Brazil is worried about an
Argentina- China deal. Business and labor unions in SP are uniting on
this issue, trying to push for change, but he thinks this will still
drag out for some time.
He described Brazil's integration dilemma (similar to what I heard from
others.) Brazil's borders have remained more or less unchanged, while
Spanish America has been divided up over and over again. The Brazilian
fear is that Spanish America will again view Brazil as a threat and that
that fear will produce another Simon Bolivar-type attempt to unify
Spanish America against Brazil ( the Colombians that I talked to, btw,
find this idea hilarious. they know they're not uniting iwth anyone any
time soon and they can see plainly that Brazil is trying to be the
regional hegemon.) Overall, the source is very skeptical of
integration, but definitely sees the logic in Brazil wanting Chile and
Argentina to balance against Brazil so that Brazil isn't seen as another
On Pre-Sal investment -- again, we noticed that he got more distant and
cautious when talking about energy issues. He said that the recent
changes in regulation that give the state more authority over Pre-Sal
(Fed govet has veto power in each exploration deal.) would likely lead
to more preference toward state-owned firms in choosing members of hte
pre-sal consortium. As he said "a Chinese state firm will feel more
comfortable working on this project." -- when i asked him to clarify, he
seemed to be saying brazil prefers to deal with pre-sal on a state to
state basis.
** This source is helping get us the data on Brazilian investment in the
region and Brazilian population migration in the region for graphics we
want to produce