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Re: [latam] [EastAsia] ARGENTINA/CHINA/ECON - Hungry China Shops in Argentina

Released on 2012-03-05 09:00 GMT

Email-ID 80337
Date 2011-06-20 16:45:46
It is a good topic, they are all over the map. We've addressed it many
times in the past, but there is always plenty going on. Jen also got some
recent insight on this. it is a vast topic. for instance, China has
invested about $10 bil in Brazil energy, $8 billion in Argentina energy,
and $2 bil in Ecuador, if memory serves. $7 billion in peruvian metals
mining, $3 billion in Chilean metals, ... also a lot in venezuela, esp in
energy and transport ...

On 6/20/11 9:37 AM, Benjamin Preisler wrote:

It seems like China is all over the map in Latin America. Have we ever
really addressed this? What does the US think/do about it?

Hungry China Shops in Argentina
June 20, 2011

BUENOS AIRES-Chinese investment is flooding into Argentina as the Asian
giant expands its global commodity hunt from the raw materials used in
industry to the foodstuffs needed to feed its 1.3 billion citizens.

China's investment in Latin America hit $15.6 billion during the
12-month period through the end of May, nearly three times greater than
the year-ago period, consulting firm Deloitte said in a report. Of that
amount, Brazil received about 60% and Argentina close to 40%.

During the last three years, more than 70% of China's investment in the
region went to energy and minerals, but farming is attracting more
attention as the country seeks to fill its bowls from foreign fields.

China already buys the bulk of Argentina's soybean exports, its top crop
and largest source of export revenue. Soybeans are mainly used as
livestock feed in China, where meat consumption is rising along with
personal incomes. At the same time, urbanization is shrinking the amount
of arable land available in China.

Last week, China's largest farming company, Heilongjiang Beidahuang
Nongken Group, signed a joint venture with Argentina's Cresud SA to buy
land and farm soybeans.

Cresud is one of Argentina's top agriculture firms with control over
more than one million hectares (2.47 million acres) of farmland that
produce grain, cattle and milk.

Cresud didn't respond to requests for comment.

Heilongjiang Beidahuang Chairman Sui Fengfu told Dow Jones Newswires in
March that the company plans to buy 200,000 hectares of overseas
farmland this year, and that Latin America is a target area. The company
is already farming two million hectares of land outside China.

Heilongjiang Beidahuang is also spending $1.5 billion to lease and
develop farms on 300,000 hectares in Argentina's Rio Negro Province.
Over a five- to 10-year period, the company plans to grow wheat, corn,
soybeans, fruit, vegetables and wine grapes for export to China.

The deals with local partners such as Cresud and the province of Rio
Negro appear aimed at avoiding a backlash against foreign ownership of
farmland in Argentina, since Heilongjiang Beidahuang won't be buying the
land outright.

President Cristina Fernandez has introduced legislation limiting land
purchases by foreign individuals and companies to 1,000 hectares in
rural areas, a move with popular support after a number of foreigners
bought large holdings in recent years.

Heilongjiang Beidahuang's incursion in agriculture comes hot on the
heels of heavy Chinese investment in Argentina's oil sector.

In February, Occidental Petroleum Corp. sold its local assets to China
Petroleum & Chemical Corp. for $2.5 billion. Last year, China's Cnooc
Ltd., in partnership with Argentina's Bridas Corp., agreed to buy a 60%
stake in Pan American Energy from BP PLC for $7.1 billion.

Deloitte predicts that Chinese investment will continue pouring into
Latin America but expects a diversification in the future into other
industries such as manufacturing, infrastructure and finance.


Benjamin Preisler
+216 22 73 23 19

Matt Gertken
Senior Asia Pacific analyst
US: +001.512.744.4085
Mobile: +33(0)67.793.2417